HOW TO MAKE CONTENT COMPREHENSIBLE FOR
ENGLISH LANGUAGE LEARNERS
Define clear content and language objectives.
-Write them on the board.
-Use ELLs' background experience.
-Link past learning to new learning.
-Emphasize key vocabulary.
Use comprehensible input.
-Use speech appropriate to ELLs' level.
-Explain tasks step-by-step using visuals.
-Focus attention on key concepts.
Use a variety of strategies.
-Teach learning strategies.
-Provide opportunities to use them.
-Scaffold new concepts.
-Vary question types and include higher-level thinking skills.
Provide opportunities for interaction.
-Use cooperative groups, buddies, etc.
-Give ample wait time for responses.
Include opportunities in lessons to apply knowledge.
-Use hands-on materials for practice.
-Include activities that integrate language skills and knowledge.
Assess student progress.
-Check often for understanding.
-Use a variety of assessments.